The ancient people observed that through examining the history, we can see the rights and wrongs about the running of a country. Looking into the modern history of China Rescue & Salvage Bureau of the Ministry of Communication (China Rescue & Salvage for short), we can draw a conclusion that although its quite natural that the construction and development of China Rescue & Salvage would never materialize without the nourishment of the sea, it is all the more closely linked to the founding, developing of the new China and its opening up to the outside world.
Today, China can be regarded as boasting of vast ocean resource, booming shipping transportation, large quantity of seamen and rescue & salvage force. As a country of vast ocean resource, China possesses more than 300 square kilometers worth of coastal areas and exclusive economic zones not including the land; as a country of booming shipping transportation, China owns ocean-going fleet composed of 220,000 vessels with its strength being ranked second worldwide, and this fleet shoulders the shipment of 90% imported and exported goods; as a country of a large number of seamen, China has trained a team of 500,000 ocean-going seamen and 1,000,000 inland seamen, whose number is largest all over the world; as a country of main rescue & salvage force, China has preliminarily established joint rescue network of sea and air across the costal regions of the whole country.
But despite the said advantages, China is still far from powerful in terms of ocean resources, shipping transportation, sailor staff and rescue & salvage force, however China is right now accumulating energy to accomplish the transition from being a country of large resource to one of powerful resource, and is at the critical point of fulfilling Chinas revitalization ever since the Opium War. The China Rescue & Salvage which is responsible for the security of navigation, shipping and seamen should concern itself about how to respond and adjust to the upcoming transition from being a country of vast ocean resource, booming shipping transportation, large number of seamen and rescue & salvage force to one of vast ocean resource, powerful shipping transportation, outstanding seamen and strong rescue & salvage force. By no means should we let slip the good opportunity. Taking a historical and global perspective, we shall deliberate upon and plan about the future of China Rescue & Salvage, which is a historical mission set upon us, an entrustment from the Party and the people as well as the bounden duty of China Rescue & Salvage leaders.
The past history of China Rescue & Salvage was one of trail-blazing, struggle and climbing uphill. China Rescue & Salvage grew up under the care and support of the Party and the people, and became strong owing to several generations of rescue & salvage people braving hardship and struggling forward. The rescue & salvage undertaking experienced the early, developing and flourishing periods, in particular after the rescue & salvage institutional revolution on 28th, June, 2003, the rescue & salvage undertaking entered into fast-paced development like a black horse bursting forward with full energy. While growing strong, China Rescue & Salvage begins to exercise more and more influence in the world rescue & salvage industry. The objective of China Rescue & Salvage of growing strong and powerful in recent years has proved to us that the fate of China Rescue & Salvage was, is and will be always closely connected to that of China. A country will get prosperous if it has ocean resource at its disposal, otherwise it will decline; while China Rescue & Salvage will get prosperous if China is prosperous and get weak if China is weak. China Rescue & Salvage and China draw upon and complement each other.
. At the early period, China Rescue & Salvage braved hardship and struggled with enthusiasm, making great contribution to curing the China of war trauma and recovering the national economy.
The period lasted 22 years (1951-1973). China Rescue & Salvage remained in infancy state, weakly founded and insufficiently invested in, however, with the rescue workers patriotism running high, it took up the heavy mission of curing the war trauma, clearing channels, lifting blockage at sea and recovering the national economy as soon as possible. As a result, China Rescue & Salvage was highly valued by the Party and the people and had made great contribution to the solidification of the red army regime.
After the liberation of Shanghai, the whole city was in ruins. To clear the Huangpu River sea-route to recover the transportation was the priority. Under the leadership of Military Control Commission, 100 workers from the rescue & salvage of the former Investment Promotion Bureau were mobilized to start the rescue & salvage operation on the Huangpu River and near the Yangtze Estuary. In two years, 35 sunken and distressed vessels were salved with a total of 3,600 tonnages.
On 24th, Aug, 1951, China People Salvage Company was officially founded in the Customs building on the bund. According to the document, the company only owned a tugboat Xiaopanshan of 170 horsepower, a Xieji barge with a tonnage of 1078 tons, a batch of dilapidated small barges of 200 tons as well as an assortment of exotic diving equipments and other tools.
Despite the poor equipments and harsh conditions, the first generation of rescue & salvage workers united a large number of laborers, and finished the Huangpu River channel-clearing and salvage operations in one year, making not a few contributions to curing the war trauma and enabling Shanghai to replay its role as a port city.
In 1953, the Navigation Aid Department of the Navigation Engineering Bureau of the Ministry of Communications decided to take up the Jiang Yin choke line channel dredging project from that year, and at the same time, the outer Wusongkou, south channel of Yangtze River and Yingkou, Madang choke line dredging measuring project were going on. The dredging & salvage project of all main ports across the whole country sent out diving group to conduct operations with the local laborers. In order to increase the efficiency of the salvage operation, Shanghai Ship Building Factory was commissioned by China People Salvage Company to manufacture two pairs of buoy of 250 tons.
In 1955, in rescuing the passenger-cargo ship Democracy No 3, the domestically-made lifting pontoon (salvage buoy) was used for the first time and the salvage achieved great success. The lifting pontoon was further used in the Jinanwan, Pingdaowan salvage projects, both of which resulted in successes. In 1955, the China People Salvage Company had its name officially changed to Shanghai Salvage Engineering Bureau. After 7 years hard work, the salvage staff cleared up more than 40 choke lines either along the Yangtze River(in Hankou) or near the coast(in Shanghai, Tianjin) and made immense contribution to the national economy recovery.
In the latter half year of 1959, the then administrative unit---Shanghai Bureau of Shipping timely put forward the guideline of placing equal emphasis on rescue & salvage while subordinating salvage to rescue, and the salvage projects along both river and coast were conducted in compliance with the scheduled plan. According to the Rescue Agreement signed among China, Korea and Soviet Union, Salvage EngineeringBureau set up Beiyang Rescue Engineering Zone, Shanghai Rescue Engineering Zone, and Nanyang Rescue Engineering Zone in Yantai, Shanghai and Wenzhou respectively.
On Feb, 1963, the Ministry of Communication confirmed Shanghai Salvage Engineering Bureaus guideline of to place equal emphasis on rescue & salvage while to subordinate salvage to rescue, and to dredge channel, conducting salvage if necessary. In this year, under the direction of Premier Zhou, Shanghai Salvage Engineering Bureau successfully accomplished the reconnaissance project by Yuejing vessel. The central government attached great importance to the rescue and salvage undertaking and the latter showed auspicious momentum for development.
On 5t, Aug, 1963, Shanghai Salvage Engineering Bureau was renamed Shanghai Rescue & Salvage Bureau. On 15th, Dec, approved by the State Council, rescue stations were established in Taijin, Yantai, Qingdao and Shanghai. In 1964, with the guideline of placing equal emphasis on rescue & salvage while subordinating salvage to rescue being further implemented, many distressed Chinese and foreign vessels were timely rescued.
In the same year, in order to increase the number of divers, despite the fact that treasury was in short of money, Premier Zhou gave his approval to the recruitment of 300 divers across the country, and 2 buildings, diving pool were built for diver training in the Yangshupu Road, Shanghai and diving apparatus were purchased for the diving training. From 1964 to the first half year of 1966, the rescue work experienced fast development. From the latter half year of 1966, because of the reason which was known to all, the rescue work stagnated for a long time. During this time, the Navy also played important role in the rescue work.
. In the period of constant development, The China Rescue & Salvage braved hardship and risks, and pressed forward with enthusiasm, reliving the government and society of anxiety and contributing to the country.
The period of constant development lasted 30 years (1973-2003). Under the new situation of reform and opening up to the outside world, China Rescue & Salvage was involved in many national key projects or important rescue & salvage work, attracting intense attention of the Central Government and the State Council. The rescue & salvage system was getting reasonable, the rescue & salvage workers increased in number, and with even higher quality, and the Chinese rescue spirit of saving the hope of survival to others while braving the danger of death to oneself was fostered.
On Aug, 1973, Boluodikeliefu vessel was caught by typhoon 49 sea miles off Xiamen harbor of Taiwan Strait and called for rescue, however, the rescue vessel wasnt sufficiently powered for setting out to rescue and finally, the distressed vessel sunk. This incident indicated that our maritime rescue force, in particular, the rescue equipments severely fell short of needs. Premier Zhou called for that it was imperative to reverse the backward situation of our maritime rescue & salvage as soon as possible.
In the same year, National Maritime Safety Headquarter was set up, and so were the corresponding institutions in coastal provinces and municipality. In the latter half year of 1974, based on the Shanghai Rescue & Salvage Bureau, the Guangzhou Rescue & Salvage Bureau and the Yantai Rescue & Salvage Bureau were built up in turn. In April, 1978, the Ministry of Communications officially established the Rescue & Salvage Bureau of the Ministry of Communications and the construction of national coastal rescue network was put in agenda. Up to 1980, Rescue & Salvage Bureau in Yantai, Shanghai, and Guangzhou set up 8 rescue bases in Qinhuangdao, Rongcheng, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Shantou, Beihai, Zhanjiang and Sanya. With the preceding three rescue stations and rescue bases of Navy already in place, the rescue network construction was undergoing transformational expansion. Ever since that time till the early 1980s, the State channeled more financial resources to the rescue & salvage work and built tugboats of stronger horsepower, salvage vessels, and barge derricks in Japan, adding to its rescue & salvage capabilities.
Under the guidance of the State Council and the Central Military Commission, rescue & salvage system and the Navy conducted the salvage of Japanese post boat Awa Maru in concerted efforts starting from 1977 to 1980. The project is rare in the world at that time in terms of number of persons involved in deep diving, the length of time and the complex of technology, greatly promoting the development of our deep sea salvage and diving techniques, which in turn cause our maritime rescue & salvage to improve by leaps and bounds.
On 28th, Jan, 1981, 13 fishing ships that originated from Jiao County and Jiaonan County, Shandong Province were operating on the Yellow Sea, 250 sea miles off the Yangtze Estuary, and were stricken by storm, leaving more than 180 fishermen in danger. Tug De Da of Shanghai Rescue & Salvage Bureau lost no time in setting off to convoy the distressed fishing ships. After more than 120 hours battling with the storm, the rescue team completed the rescue as well as possible. The rush repair project of Bao Steel Company’s raw material pier bridge approach in 1987 and the observation station construction on Yongshu reef in Nansha in 1988 were embodiments of China Rescue & Salvage’s contributions to China’s national strength build-up.
The rescue & salvage system made excellent performances in some significant rescue & salvage works that attracted wide attentions. In 2000, Shanghai and Yantai Rescue & Salvage Bureau provided more than 10 engineering vessels, and more than 250 workers, and successfully salved the Dashun vessel that sunk in the 11.24 perils of the sea in the shortest time possible; in 2001, Guangzhou Rescue & Salvage Bureau overcame a multitude of difficulties in search of Wang Wei--the warrior of sea and air, covering a distance of 2500 sea miles in more than 500 hours;
In response to the 5.7 air disaster in 2002, the rescue & salvage system rushed to the scene at a fastest speed possible and after 19 days and nights of hard working, more than 70 corpses, and a large quantity of remains as well as the black box and thousands of pieces of plane wreckages were salved, laying foundation for handling the problems arising from the air disaster and the investigation into the accident;
On May, 2002, Shanghai Rescue & Salvage Bureau sent out tug Hua Yi and Hu Jiu12 and searched for more than 20 days and nights for the wreckages of 5.25 China Airlines Crash, finding out 11 pieces of plane wreckages, which were transferred to the Taiwan Search and Rescue Association; in 2002, Guangzhou Rescue & Salvage Bureau successfully rescued 271 passengers in distress on the Wutongshan passenger vessel, and the GAZ POEM vessel loaded with 20,000t liquefied gas.
Although the rescue & salvage system fostered a working model of assuring the accomplishment of rescue & salvage and broadening the scope of operations, with the development of the economy and society, this model of supporting the rescue & salvage work through operations began to show its drawbacks more and more conspicuously, especially the 11.24 shipwreck warned us that the equipments and the conventional institution of the rescue & salvage system fell short of the requirements of the shipping undertaking which was developing very fast. Institutional reform was urgently needed to reverse the present situation.
. In the period of accelerated development, the China Rescue & Salvage held to good opportunity and embraced reform with great enthusiasm, providing security support for China to explore the sea.
The period of accelerated development spanned from June, 2003 up to now. During this short time, China Rescue & Salvage made dramatic reforms. With the State showing much concern to the rescue & salvage cause, China Rescue & Salvage stepped up efforts and launched new rescuing equipments into use, for example, with the application of the helicopter, a joint air-sea rescue system came into being.
According to the Implementation of Institutional Reform of Rescue & Salvage that was approved by six Ministries of the Central Government including the Ministry of Communications, on 28th, June, 2003, the institutional reform of rescue & salvage work of the Ministry of Communications was officially put into execution. In compliance with requirements of turning out a fast-acting, well-equipped, technically qualified, and hard working staff of maritime rescue & salvage, the China Rescue & Salvage Bureau reinforced efforts in building up the three Rescue Bureaus, three Salvage Bureaus and four Flying Services.
Under the uniform management of Rescue & Salvage Bureau of the Ministry of Communications, the rescue & salvage system shouldered the responsibilities of life-saving, property recovery and environmental protection, channel dredging and emergency response and so on. The rescue & salvage work entered into a new phase of development. From 28th, June 2003 to 31st Dec., 2004, the first year of the institutional reform, all together 2769 (including 301 foreigners) distressed people and 171 distressed vessels were rescued, a 71.24% and a 350% increase respectively compared to last year in the same period.
Under the guidance of the State Council and the Central Military Commission, rescue & salvage system and the Navy conducted the salvage of Japanese post boat Awa Maru in concerted efforts starting from 1977 to 1980. The project is rare in the world at that time in terms of number of persons involved in deep diving, the length of time and the complicatedness of technology, greatly promoting the development of our deep sea salvage and diving techniques, which in turn cause our maritime rescue & salvage to improve by leaps and bounds.
To enhance the rescue & salvage capability constitutes the essence of the institutional reform of China Rescue & Salvage. After the analysis of the drawbacks in conventional system, China Rescue & Salvage had confirmed several ideas concerning how China Rescue & Salvage should posit itself: separating the rescue from salvage and managing the rescue units in a paramilitary fashion; practicing the life-saving and man-focused principle in terms of rescue; pushing farther out the outposts, increasing rescue stations, and implementing dynamic standby rescue duty system to be ready for setting out anytime in terms of rescue strategy.
Life saving is the main responsibility which the rescue & salvages institutional reform scheme expects the professional rescue team to discharge and it embodies the leading idea of being human-centered. With the helicopter being the most convenient means for maritime life saving, more rescuing helicopters had been purchased to realize the formation of joint rescue system of sea and air which would live up to Chinas reputation as a country of strong shipping industry.
Beginning from 15th, July, 2003, Donghai No.1 Flying Service of the Ministry of Communications took the lead in realizing the joint rescue system of sea and air in the Yangtze Estuary and in the Zhoushan sea area, and then it set up the Beihai No.1 Flying Service of Ministry of Communications to be deployed in Dalian, Penglai and responsible for the rescue task in Bohai Bay sea area; Donghai No.2 Flying Service of Ministry of Communications is deployed in Xiamen and responsible for the rescue task in Taiwan Strait; Nanhai No.1 Flying Service of the Ministry of Communications is deployed in Zhanjiang and responsible for rescue task in Qiongzhou Strait, west of Guangdong, and Beibu Bay sea area.
The Rescue & Salvage System of the Ministry of Communications had entered into long-term cooperation with Hong Kong Government Flying Service in terms of personnel training, techniques exchange and joint rescue in Bohai Bay, succeeding in the 2004.1.16 lidazhou 18rescue and 2004.11.26 hailu15rescues.
The rescue & salvage team members are getting more and more professional. The brand-new rescue vessels with power of 8000KW and 6000KW, catamaran high speed boat, and high-speed rescue vessel introduced from Britain have been put into use. The idea of life saving instills new connotation to rescue station. Construction of rescue stations in Dalian, Ningbo, Haikou, and Nanhuangcheng have been constructed, while the old rescue stations in Rongcheng, Xiamen, Shantou, and Guangzhou are reestablished into multi-functional rescue stations combining directing for rescue, supplying and personnel training together. All Salvage Bureaus has been proactively fulfilling the obligation of doing public good. Salvage vessels could be seen on every rescue occasions in their responsible areas. Not only are they fulfilling their responsibility with their sufficient rescue resources, but also they are doing services beneficial to the public welfare.
At 0819hrs, on 24th, July, 2003, B7310 of Donghai No.1 Flying Service took off from Pudong Gaodong Airport for the destination that was 70 sea miles east of Yangtze Estuary where a fisherman falling into coma from massive hemorrhage due to comminuted fracture of leg was picked up and rushed to hospital for timely treatment. This was the first time the rescue & salvage system had accomplished life saving task by airplane.
On Oct, 2003, to make sure the Shenzhou No. 5 manned spacecraft would be successfully launched, China Rescue & Salvage once again sent out Beihai 102, Deyi vessel and Dekun vessel for salvage mission in case the spacecraft fall down into sea. The vessels cooperated with the Navy throughout the 2,400 sea miles worth of areas from Lianyun Harbor on the west to Pacific Guang Island on the east.
On Oct, 2005, China Rescue & Salvage assured the Shenzhou No. 6 was successfully launched. The Rescue & Salvage of the Ministry of Communication successfully accomplished the maritime emergency response mission for manned spaceflight that the General Reserve Department of PLA had entrusted for five consecutive years. On March, 2006, the director of the Rescue & Salvage of the Ministry of Communication Song Jiahui was awarded the 2005 Zeng Xuanzi Manned Spaceflight Foundation Prize while director of Donghai Rescue Bureau of Ministry of Communication Sun Fumin was praised as an excellent contributor to the China Manned Spaceflight Engineering. Deyi vessel, Dexiang vessel, and Dejing vessel of the Rescue & Salvage Bureau of the Ministry of Communication were lauded by the General Reserve Department of PLA.
Under the new institution, the rescue & salvage staff had lived up to the popular expectations. On 22nd, June, 2004, 29 experts on rescue & salvage of Donghai Rescue Bureau and Shanghai Salvage Bureau rushed to Yellow River Xiaolangdi Reservoir to conduct the rescue work. To be accountable for the family members of the distressed people, the divers risked their lives searching in 61-meter-deep water for the distressed peoples corpses. After rescue & salvage for 13 days, divers made 61 diving in 7870 minutes and salved 19 corpses of the distressed people. The family members were deeply touched by the divers strenuous dedication.
At 4:03 on 6th, Sep, 2004, Jinchang 68 vessel was stricken by typhoon near Yangtze Estuary and sunk with 15 crewmembers falling into water. The rescue helicopters and rescue vessels joined to conduct the rescuing work and saved all the crewmembers. The deputy director of the Ministry of Communication Xu Zuyuan spoke highly of this rescue and he said that the rescue helicopter succeeded in rescuing the distressed people who might perish in no time and this set up a good precedent for maritime rescue.
On 16th, Nov, 2004, Ro-Ro cargo/passenger vessel liaohai caught fire and 340 passengers lives were at stake. Many rescue vessels of Beihai Rescue Bureau lost on time in beginning the rescue. The Liaohai vessel was salved and there was no causality. On Dec, 2004, against the typhoon, Nanhaijiu159 of Naihai Rescue Bureau rescued more than 1,000 Hainan fishermen who were stuck in Dongsha Island.
On 25th, Feb, 2005, young diving volunteers for rescue & salvage traveled to Thailand to execute rescue and salvage work. This was the first time the Rescue & Salvage of the Ministry of Communication engaged in ocean-going rescue work in the capacity of young volunteers ever since its establishment 54 years ago. The rescuing and salvaging feat of the volunteers sent Thai people greatly moved. On 27th, March, 2005, Dezhong vessel of Nanhai Rescue Bureau and nanhaijiu209 vessel set out to Qiongzhou Strait to rescue Yuehaitie No.1 that stranded because of the heavy fog and 293 people on board were safe and sound.
The winter in 2005 was special to the maritime rescue staff of the Ministry of Communication in that this was the time for them to perform their extraordinary rescue & salvage feat. From 21st, Oct, to 10th, Dec, cold air coming from Siberia hit our coastal areas four times, each time with increased strength. Under the direct direction of the Ministry of Communication, the rescue staff made scientific deployment and dealt with the situation with composure. With the professional spirit of leaving the hope of survival to others while facing the threat of death in mind, Beihai Rescue Bureau, Donghai Rescue Bureau, Nanhai Rescue Bureau and maritime Flying Service of the Ministry of Communication braved the storm and risks, sparing no efforts in rescuing. According to the statistics, when combating against the cold waves, the rescue & salvage system sent our professional rescue force 42 times, including 28 rescue vessels, and 14 rescue helicopters. 246 distressed people were saved and 10 distressed vessels were rescued.
In the middle of May this year, dozens of Vietnamese fishing vessels were hit by strong typhoon Zhenzhu and stranded near Dongsha sea area. Because the supplies failed to keep up, hundreds of Vietnamese fishermen were in critical condition. At the coordination of Chins Search and Rescue Center, the rescue staff of the Ministry of Communication rushed to rescue. Till 4 Oclock in the afternoon of 22nd, 15 Vietnamese fishing boats and 330 fishermen were rescued. Among Chinas international maritime rescues, this was the one in which the largest number of fishing ships and fishermen had been rescued. At the same day, President of Vietnam Chen Deliang made phone call to Chinese President Hu Jingtao to extend heartfelt gratitude and noble respect. China Rescue & Salvage of the Ministry of Communication had proclaimed to the world by its practical deeds that China is a responsible country and its government is responsible one in that it defends life and human rights. It does take responsibility while it conducts the rescue & salvage mission.
. During the period in the wake of accelerated development China Rescue & Salvage is to take global perspective and make strategic guidelines, working assiduously and enthusiastically so as to upgrade Chinas national strength and facilitate its revitalization.
The period has been set from 2006 to 2010 and during this period, China Rescue & Salvage is confronted with the historic mission of breaking through the present situation and realizing extraordinary development. Proceeding from a global viewpoint, it aims to elevate Chinas rescue & salvage to the medium level of developed country after five years hard working.
In 21st Century, all other countries throughout the world have quickened the pace to development with three main characteristics: first, there is the prominent tendency to joint rescue system of sea and air. For example, the Flying Service of RAF has deployed 8 helicopters and Britain Coast Guards rented 4 helicopters on long-term basis in charge of maritime search and rescue mission. According to the Chairman ILF and Chief Executive of Sweden Lifeboat Federation OLF WESTERSTORM, life saving force has transited from the conventional rescue vessel to airplane rescue in terms of rescue equipments.
It is necessary to found an international organization representing maritime and air rescue force, i.e. IMRF, to replace the present ILF. The new federation will be operating in July, 2007. Its formal members are the professional maritime and air life saving institutions which are approved by its government while the liaison members are the other life saving institutions that are not directly involved in life saving operation, like search and rescue center.
Secondly, the rescue taking use of power-driven equipments is more and more valued. Although the rescue helicopter has an unparalleled advantage in making expeditious response to emergency, which is as a result much faster than the rescue vessel, the latter remains to be the main equipment in the maritime life saving and displays an advantage of motorized rescue. For example, in Britain, more than 400 rescue vessels are densely deployed along the coast, in which case, the rescue vessel can rush to the scene within a distance of 50 sea miles in no more than 120 minutes and the average time required for hurrying to the scene will not exceed 30 minutes.
Thirdly, the idea of comprehensive rescue works more effectively. For example, IMO is researching on and discussing about search and rescue for large-sized tanker plan and introducing the whole process of the emergency rescue of distressed submarine in Russian Far East sea area; China rescue & salvage institutions display the outdoor scenes where our professional rescue staff are combating against the cold wave and other countries maritime, aerial rescue institutions and rescue-in-hilly-area ones also present their outstanding cases of life saving. On 5th, Aug, 2005, Russian submarine PRIZ had its screw propeller heavily entangled with abandoned fishing net 200 meters underwater and consequently distressed in Far East sea area 5,000 miles away from Britain. IAN RICHES led Britain submarine rescue contingent and rushed to the scene of accident in 48 hours after the accident took place. The fishing net was gotten rid of the screw propeller successfully and 7 crew members were rescued out of danger.
Nowadays, taking into consideration the practical requirements of maritime, land and military search and rescue, we should put emphasis on the research on the scientific application of new technology, equipment and their developmental tendency. In this respect, some developed countries have made great strides. For example, the European Helicopter Company, and Agusta Helicopter Company have newly developed a kind of helicopter and equipments that can be applied to maritime, land and military rescues.
The modern national risk warning and response system --- RESCUE 21supplied by American General Dynamics to America Coast Guard can work precisely in controlling the dangers and has replaced the VHF communication system the America Coast Guard have been making use of for more than 30 years. Moreover, RESCUE 21 had played an indispensable role in emergency response to the Southern America hurricane.
The positing system for emergency search which the Britain HR SMITH Company has developed increases the 406 frequencys utility in that the search helicopter can independently decode and trace the signal the positing satellite system transmits in the frequency and identify, locate the many beaconing so that the navigational aid on the search helicopter can manifest the distance from the target beaconing and direction.
Israel ELBIT SYSTEMSGONG Company and Canadian BMS Satellite Communication Company are stepping up their efforts in developing the technologies for the reception of signal for danger, handling, positing and navigation in terms of maritime search & rescue. France and Spain begin to use the search & rescue tugboat which is equipped with powerful firefighting appliance and the most advanced maritime contamination checking devices.
After the reform of rescue & salvage institution has been realized, the professional maritime rescue staff of the Ministry of Communication begin to practice the dynamic standby rescue duty system and bring into formation the joint rescue system of sea and air, which help contribute to the maritime life saving efficiency. The work area has extended from sea to inland waters. The professional maritime rescue & salvage force of the Ministry of Communication has become an indispensable part of Chinas emergency response mechanism.
With the constant and steady development of the national economy, the shipping market and marine economy will further prosper for sure. Despite our sincere hope of marine safety, the specialization and the macro-scale tendency of the vessels has expanded the scope of life saving work. The global warming, and the violent outbreak of typhoon set severe challenges to life saving and rescue & salvage for public welfare.
With the further development of our living standards, experts predict that offshore yacht will increase on a large scale, so the demand for offshore rescue will accordingly go up. In that case, we need to focus on the high-end technology in international rescue field and prepare ourselves with search & rescue equipment, technologies and qualified personnel which are expected to be constantly strengthened in the most crucial Eleventh Five-Year Plan period to a point where they reach the medium level of developed countries.
At the end of Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, we plan to establish a comprehensive joint rescue system of sea and air. We will make available 4 rescue helicopter contingents, 7 rescue stations and 12 rescue helicopters in the 3 sea areas of Beihai, Donghai and Nanhai; allocate 22 rescue tugboats that are newly built for every Rescue Bureaus; introduce well-equipped fast lifeboats to 18 coastal rescue bases; build a batch of engineering vessels which can meet the needs of modern rescue & salvage and import the technologically-advanced equipments to match up the formers; meanwhile, we will set a goal for the build-up of the pilot, diver and life guard personnel.
Only in this way can the professional maritime rescue & salvage force of the Ministry of Communication plays its mainstay role to the full at critical moments and under the intense attention of all walks of life. To minimize the loss of peoples property is not only our bounden duty, but also a noble historic entrustment.
As a country of booming shipping industry, 94% freight of the foreign trade is transferred by the means of shipping. At the advent of 21st Century, the shipments of exports and imports are unsteadily increased year by year and every year more than 100 countries vessels will be seen sail on our sea. To add that Mari exploitation, Mari culture and Mari tourism are developing expeditiously, there is a higher demand for marine safety and a reliable rescue & salvage group.
The maritime rescue strength has a direct bearing upon our image in the international arena, especially our international image as an IMO Category A Council Member. In recent years, the State has increasingly stepped up investments in constructing new model of rescue vessel and maritime rescue helicopter. The directive of Vice Premier Huang Ju of strengthening the build-up of maritime rescue force, bringing into existence of perfect joint rescue system of sea and air and increasing the rapidity and effectiveness of rescue has greatly inspired us.
The party committee of the Ministry of Communication has all along been placing high value upon the rescue & salvage undertaking. The director of the Ministry of Communication Li Shendlin has put especial emphasis on the construction of joint rescue system of sea and air. The first destination of his inspection after he took office was Beihai No.1 Flying Service. He boarded on the rescue helicopter and inspected above the Bohai Bay from the helicopter down. Recently he made another directive that to strengthen the standby rescue on duty to make sure in the event of any danger, the rescue team would set out quickly for carrying out effective rescue. The Deputy Director Xu Zuyuan spoke highly of the rescue & salvage of public welfare nature and guided the rescue & salvage work in person. We are confident and determined to build up a maritime rescue team of efficiency and rapidity in the true sense. The opportunity has presented itself to the first generation of Chinas rescue workers. We are fully convinced that the rescue workers of the Ministry of Communication who are devoted to the rescue undertaking will seize upon the opportunity and bring about a prosperous future for the rescue undertaking.