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Basic principles of Dynamic R&S standby and watch system
      2011.05.25

The dynamic R&S standby and watch system is introduced on the basis of investigation and analysis, as well as in consideration of available R&S equipments and their technical characters, the basic requirements of which are closer to traffic route, more salvage standby points, dynamic standby and quick response at any time.
Closer to traffic route  when being deployed, R&S resources shall be as closer as possible to high-accident waters, routine route of passenger vessel and ro-ro vessels and important coastal areas of high traffic density and working activity.
More salvage standby points  the number of salvage standby points shall be increased step by step in accordance with the number of vessels available and their technical characters, as well as the specific situation of waters so as to shorten the distance between casualty and R&S resources and ensure quick arrival when marine emergency occurred, especially during important festivals, holidays or when some important national activities occurred, the salvage resources shall be redeployed to ensure the safety of critical marine areas.
Dynamic standby   the R&S resource shall be always deployed and adjusted to the most favorable salvage standby point in accordance with change of season, meteorological characteristics and rule of marine incidents.
Quick response   R&S watch and standby shall be maintained in all weather condition. All R&S resources shall be kept in a high alert and ready for salvage operation. Quick response shall be performed within the stipulated time upon the reception of rescue instruction.

 

Detailed approaches and their features
Salvage standby points and R&S resources shall be deployed in critical waters and responsibility areas. Geographic position of waters, local marine environment and rule of occurrence of accidents shall be taken into consideration. Experiences and lessons learned from past salvage operations shall be reviewed. Present condition of air R&S force and their development, availability of shore support and deployment of salvage stations also shall be fully taken into consideration. In the meantime, policy of closer positioned, more salvage standby points and quick response shall be implemented in high-accident areas under the guiding principle of full coverage, all-weather response and air-sea salvage. Presently in the area between Ya Lvjiang river in the north and Xi Sha water in the south, there are 18 salvage stations being established or under construction and 73 salvage standby points, which provides Chinese coastline with more intensified salvage coverage.
Powerful salvage vessels shall be moved away from wharves of salvage stations and deployed on one of salvage standby points established in the above in accordance with their capability and characters, prevailing season and local meteorological condition in order to set salvage vessel as close as possible to the high traffic water and route, high-accident waters and critical areas defined by MOC. Each salvage vessel is entitled to adjust its position within certain water area when and as needed in accordance with meteorological condition, development of salvage operation or missions instructed.
Each salvage station shall be ascertained to be responsible for shore supply and maintenance to salvage vessels on relevant salvage standby points in terms of its geographic location and characteristic, as well as features of salvage vessel and stations in vicinity. The interval of replenishment or maintenance shall be stipulated accordingly.
Despite of responsibility to provide supply and maintenance to salvage vessels on standby duty, salvage station itself has ability to dispatch salvage unit to participate in the salvage operation. Salvage stations are equipped with some small fast rescue boats for quick response to marine accidents in its vicinity, some vehicles equipped with portable diving devices for recovery operation of inland water in vicinity, and a well-trained emergency response rescue team or squad shall be organized and kept on 24hrs standby duty.
As requested, R&S is our chief task and training is our routine job, professional salvage units on standby duty shall flexibly integrate these two missions and enhance training to promote their R&S ability following completion of standby duty.
Under the Dynamic R&S watch and standby system, an dynamic, inter-reinforced air-sea salvage network is established with integrated efforts from salvage vessels on salvage standby point, salvage helicopters and contingent rescue squadron dispatched from salvage stations, in which salvage vessels are supported by salvage stations, salvage standby points become outpost, passive and static standby away from traffic route altered into active and dynamic standby in vicinity, and with which a dynamic, professional, effective and quick R&S coverage along Chinese coastline will be easily realized.  

Copyright China Rescue and Salvage of Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China  ICP 05031125